What is Textile :
The word ‘textile’ is from Latin, from the adjective textilis, meaning ‘woven’, from textus, the past participle of the verb texere, ‘to weave’.
A textile (often called cloth or fabric) is a flexible artificial material made up of a network of natural or artificial fibers (thread or yarn) formed by weaving or knitting (textiles), or pressed into felt. Textiles include all kinds of clothing and shoes – in fact anything that you can wear! Useful items of clothing are often thrown away because they are no longer fashionable or the right size, or they are torn or damaged. Instead of just sending them to landfill, these textiles can be given a second life through recycling.
Importance of Textile:
Textiles are sorted into different grades and then recycled in the following ways:
Reuse: Good quality clothing and shoes are sorted for reuse by charities in the UK and for use in other, poorer countries. Small charges are made for these clothes, so that jobs are created and people both at home and abroad receive clothing that they can afford.
Manufacturing: If garments are ripped or worn, they can be cut into squares and used as industrial wipers.
Reclamation: Some fibres, such as pure wool, can be pulled apart, dyed, and spun into new garments. These fibres can also be compressed for use as sound insulation panels, mattress fillings and upholstery padding.
Uses of Textile:
Textile is a major component of material culture. It may be viewed as the products of technology, as cultural symbols, as works of art, or as items of trade. The textile arts are a fundamental human activity, expressing symbolically much of what is valuable in any culture.
Textiles have been used in almost every possible context where their properties are useful. Some of the articles made from textiles are:
- Bags and other means of carrying objects
- Balloons, kites, sails, parachutes. Earlier aero planes used cloth as part of the construction
- Furnishings and other home accessories
- Industrial and scientific uses like filtration
- Nets, Rugs and carpets